Facts About Stomach Cancer

Facts About Stomach Cancer

Stomach is known as gastric cancer, which is the fifth most common cancer world wide. Stomach cancer has fallen down, but the cancer in the junction of stomach and esophagus has increased.

There is no certain cause why some stomach cells mutate and become cancerous. It is not known why only a few people develop stomach cancer. The most common type of stomach cancer is adenocarcinoma of the stomach.

The early symptoms of stomach cancer include feeling full during meals, feeling bloated after eating, swallowing difficulties, indigestion and heartburn, frequent burping, stomach pain, vomiting and nausea, and unexpected weight loss.

Mostly the person with early stage 1 of stomach cancer has 5 years survival rate of 88 to 94 percent and the person with stage 3 of the stomach cancer is 18 percent. So early diagnosis is very important for better treatment.

The treatment includes Surgery

endoscopic mucosal resection – removing small turmours with endoscopy.

Subtotal gastrectomy – A part of the stomach is removed by surgery.

Total gastrectomy – The whole stomach is surgically removed.

Radiation therapy

The energy rays are used to target and kill cancerous cells, this process is called radiation therapy. This type of therapy is not commonly for stomach cancer as it has the risk of harming other nearby organs.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is the process of using drugs to stop rapidly-growing cancer cells from dividing and multiplying. These cytotoxic medicines or drugs travels throughout the patient’s body and attacks cancer cells.