Swine Flu also called as Swine Influenza is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza Viruses that causes regular outbreaks in Pigs. The symptoms of swine flu in people are similar to the symptoms of regular human flu and include fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue, but some people with Swine Flu reported diarrhea and vomiting. Swine Flu normally only affects pigs, and usually only transmits to people after direct contact with an infected pig. However, the new strain of swine flu going around is a mixture of human, avian, and swine flues. So now it can easily transmit itself through direct contact with people. Swine flu outbreak was seen in Mexico in the April month 2009 People do not normally get Swine Flu, but human infections can happen, in past swain flu transmission is limited but now it is creating panic among people. In late march 2009, cases of human infection with Swine flu viruses were reported.
Spread of this swine influenza A (H1N1) virus is thought to be happening in the same way that seasonal flu spreads. Flu viruses are spread mainly from person to person through coughing or sneezing of people with influenza.Sometimes people may become infected by touching something with flu viruses on it and then touching their mouth or nose.
CDC has determined that swain influenza A (H1N1) Virus is contagious and is spreading from human to human. Like seasonal flu, swine flu may cause a worsening of underlying chronic medical conditions. Germs can be spread when a person touches something that is contaminated with germs and then touches his or her eyes, nose, or mouth. Droplets from a cough or sneeze of an infected person move through the air. Germs can be spread when a person touches respiratory droplets from another person on a surface like a desk and then touches their own eyes, mouth or nose before washing their hands.
Swine Flu Infected people may be able to infect others beginning 1 day before symptoms develop and up to 7 or more days after becoming sick. That means people with swain flu infection can pass on the flu to someone else before they know they are sick, as well as while they are sick. People with swine influenza virus infection should be considered potentially contagious as long as they are symptomatic and possible for up to 7 days following illness onset. Children, especially younger children, might potentially be contagious for longer periods. Normally viruses and bacteria can live 2 hours or longer on surfaces like cafeteria tables, doorknobs, and desks. Hand washing frequently will help to reduce the chance of getting contamination from these common surfaces.
Medical experts have given some Precautions to take from getting effected by Swine flu. It is important to hash your hands thoroughly. Get plenty of sleep and be in good general health conditions. Persons infected with swain flu need to take plenty of Fluids and eat Nutritious food. Avoid touching surfaces which may be contaminated with flu virus. Avoid close contact with people suffering from Swine Flu.
If you get sick by Swine Flu antiviral drugs can make your illness milder and make you feel better faster. CDC recommends the use of oseltamivir or zanamivir for the treatment or prevention of infection with these swine influenza viruses. For Swine Flu infection treatment with antiviral drugs work best if started soon after getting sick with in 1 to 2 days of symptoms.
here is no vaccine for Swine Flu presently available right now. Taking proper precautions can protect us from this virus. Precautions like covering our Nose and mouth with tissue paper when we cough or Sneeze, then through the tissue paper in the trash after use.
After cough and sneeze Wash your hands with soap and water. Alcohol-based hand cleaners are also effective. Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Germs spread this way. When soap and water are not available, alcohol-based disposable hand wipes or gel sanitizers may be used. If any one gets infected b Swine Flu it is recommended to stay at home and limit contact with others to keep them from infecting
Emergency warning signs in Children?s infected by Swine FLU that need urgent medical attention include:
Fast breathing or trouble breathing
Bluish skin color
Not drinking enough fluids
Not waking up or not interacting
Being so irritable that the child does not want to be held
Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough
Fever with a rash
Emergency Warning Signals in adults infected by Swine Flu that need urgent medical attention:
Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen
Severe or persistent vomiting
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